Stop-and-Frisk: Protection or Discrimination?

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Stop-and-Frisk: Protection or Discrimination?

Mayor Rudy Giuliani initiated Stop and Frisk in 1994
• In an effort to reduce crime and gun violence, police officers may stop, question, and frisk anyone who they deem reasonably suspicious.
• Will Giuliani’s initiative finally cleanup New York City?

Who’s getting stopped?
● Since its implementation, Stop-and-Frisk has consistently been used to detain higher numbers of minorities than whites.

Is the Discrepancy JUST?
● Blacks and Latinos are more likely to be found innocent and unarmed when detained through Stop-and-Frisk.

In 2003, New Yorkers were stopped by the police 160,851 times.
140,442 were totally innocent (87 percent).
77,704 were black (54 percent).
44,581 were Latino (31 percent).
17,623 were white (12 percent).

• In 2004, New Yorkers were stopped by the police 313,523 times.
278,933 were totally innocent (89 percent).
155,033 were black (55 percent).
89,937 were Latino (32 percent).
28,913 were white (10 percent).

• In 2005, New Yorkers were stopped by the police 398,191 times.
352,348 were totally innocent (89 percent).
196,570 were black (54 percent).
115,088 were Latino (32 percent).
40,713 were white (11 percent).

• In 2006, New Yorkers were stopped by the police 506,491 times.
457,163 were totally innocent (90 percent).
267,468 were black (53 percent).
147,862 were Latino (29 percent).
53,500 were white (11 percent).

• In 2007, New Yorkers were stopped by the police 472,096 times.
410,936 were totally innocent (87 percent).
243,766 were black (54 percent).
141,868 were Latino (31 percent).
52,887 were white (12 percent).

• In 2008, New Yorkers were stopped by the police 540,302 times.
474,387 were totally innocent (88 percent).
275,588 were black (53 percent).
168,475 were Latino (32 percent).
57,650 were white (11 percent).

• In 2009, New Yorkers were stopped by the police 581,168 times.
510,742 were totally innocent (88 percent).
310,611 were black (55 percent).
180,055 were Latino (32 percent).
53,601 were white (10 percent).

• In 2010, New Yorkers were stopped by the police 601,285 times.
518,849 were totally innocent (86 percent).
315,083 were black (54 percent).
189,326 were Latino (33 percent).
54,810 were white (9 percent).

• In 2011, New Yorkers were stopped by the police 685,724 times.
605,328 were totally innocent (88 percent).
350,743 were black (53 percent).
223,740 were Latino (34 percent).
61,805 were white (9 percent).

• In 2012, New Yorkers were stopped by the police 532,911 times
473,644 were totally innocent (89 percent).
284,229 were black (55 percent).
165,140 were Latino (32 percent).
50,366 were white (10 percent).
• In the first three quarters of 2013, New Yorkers were stopped by the police 179,063 times.
159,104 were totally innocent (89 percent).
98,051 were black (56 percent).
51,903 were Latino (29 percent).
19,459 were white (11 percent).

Is Stop-and-Frisk Out of Control?

● Are the Increasing Number of Stops Helping?
● According to the NYCLU, since 2002 New Yorkers have been stopped and questioned more than 4.4 million times
● According to the NYPD, 9/10 stopped individuals have been innocent
● Myth: Stop-and-Frisk reduces homicide statistics
○ 2002: NYPD stopped 97,296 people
■ 587 homicides were reported
○ 2011: NYPD stopped 685,724 people
■ 532 homicides were reported

Question of Constitutionality
● In 2013: Federal judge Shira Scheindlin found Stop-And-Frisk racially discriminatory and unconstitutional.
● Additionally, since 2007 nearly 150,000 stops have been found unconstitutional and lacking justification.

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Sources:
http://www.nationalreview.com/article/356481/stop-and-frisk-protects-minorities-michael-barone
http://www.nyclu.org/issues/racial-justice/stop-and-frisk-practices
http://www.nyclu.org/content/stop-and-frisk-data
http://ccrjustice.org/floyd
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/15/nyregion/for-new-york-police-theres-no-end-to-the-stops.html

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